Types of Heat Pumps

Are you considering buying a new heating and cooling system? An extremely efficient heat pump could be just what you’re looking for. Many people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but modern heat pumps models can split your heating costs in half. They also offer cooling in the summertime for year-round comfort from a single system.

If we’ve got your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about the different types of heat pumps before you decide what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a special type of HVAC system capable of both heating and cooling. In the summertime, they work in a similar way to an AC, using electricity to remove heat from your home. But when the weather is cold, a reversing valve enables the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to heat your home.

As well as this dual functionality, heat pumps are praised for their remarkable efficiency. Because they transport heat rather than create it from a fuel source, heat pumps can achieve more than 300% efficiency. This is compared to a top mark of 98% efficiency for the most efficient available gas-fired furnaces. By opting for a heat pump, you’re not just choosing comfort; you’re promoting sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

Even though heat pumps have a number of subcategories, each system can be categorized into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most commonly used type of heat pump. Installation is generally uncomplicated, and these systems perform exceptionally well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps use the ambient air as a medium for heat exchange. In other words, they draw heat from the outside air during the cold months and take heat out of your home during the summer.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is located close to a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump could be an efficient way to go. These systems run using water as the medium for heat exchange, offering another efficiency boost. While less popular than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water close to the home, these are a worthwhile option for homeowners with the suitable environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you are searching for the single most efficient climate control method around, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are worth considering. These devices tap into the earth’s stable underground temperature to provide consistent and extremely efficient heating and cooling. The drawback to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and price of installation, which often calls for excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

As soon as you know what heat pump style you want in your home, the next step is to choose the right subtype. Your options include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you reside in a community with dramatic temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can offer the best of both worlds. These heat pumps are offered in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps switch between these two methods of operation, adapting to current weather conditions for maximum efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces depend on the heat pump during mild weather. Then, when temperatures fall drastically, the gas-fired furnace starts up, conserving energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Blending sustainable energy with home heating and cooling is a great way to slash your energy bills and improve the environment. Solar heat pumps run using power generated by solar panels, the perfect setup for environmentally friendly homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have even more choices for installation of your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the standard setup for the majority of homes already outfitted with ductwork. The interior unit is usually installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the outdoor unit is located on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this design, all mechanical elements are located in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is appropriate for homes or commercial buildings lacking indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also called mini-split systems, are designed for homes and additions that don’t have any ductwork. Each room can have its own indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, providing targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These compact models are best suited for small spaces or to meet temporary needs. While less efficient than other choices, they offer quick and easy installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If you want to to install a heat pump, turn to the knowledgeable professionals at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can trust we’ll deliver a job well done every time. Our qualified crew will see to it your heat pump system is tailored to your needs, from installation to routine maintenance to occasional repairs.

Ready to enjoy home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!

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